is divided into forty-one counties (judete), as well as the municipality
of Bucharest (Bucuresti), which is its own administrative unit.
Each county is administered by a county council (consiliu judetean),
responsible for local affairs, as well as a prefect, who is appointed
by the central government but cannot be a member of any political
party. In alphabetical order, the counties are:
the county structure, Romania is also divided into eight development
regions, which correspond to NUTS-II divisions in the European Union,
but which have no administrative capacity and are instead used for
co-ordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes.
The country is further subdivided into 2686 communes, which are
rural localities, and 265 towns. Communes and towns have their own
local councils and are headed by a mayor (primar). Larger and more
urbanised towns gain the status of municipality, which gives them
greater administrative power over local affairs.
is a county (judet) of Romania, in Transylvania, with the capital
city at Alba Iulia (population: 72,405).
In 2002, it had a population of 382,747 and the population density
- over 90%
- less than 1%
This county has a total area of 6,242 km², with mountains occupying
about 59% of its surface.
the northwestern part there are the Apuseni Mountains, in the southern
part there is the northeastern side of the Parâng Mountains
group - Sureanu Mountains and Cândrel Mountains. In the east
there is the Transylvanian Plateau with deep but wide valleys. The
three main elements are separated by the Mures River valley.
main rivers are the Mures River and its tributaries, the Târnava,
the Sebes and the Aries.
Bihor County to the West.
County and Bistrita-Nasaud County to the East.
County and Maramures County to the North.
County and Mures county in the East.
County and Arad County in the West.
County in the North.
County in the South-West
The predominant industries in the county are:
and packaging materials industry.
mineral resources exploited in Alba county are metals (gold, silver,
copper), salt and construction materials: marble, granite, etc
The main tourist attractions in the county are:
city of Alba Iulia.
- Scarisoara Karst Complex.
- Maidens' Fair on the Gaina Mountain.
- "The Hill With Snails" west of Vidra.
- Barren Detunata and Shaggy Detunata.
Câlnic Castle and the Castle of Gârbova.
Towns and Churches of Sebes and Aiud.
Ocna Mures Resort.
Tara Motilor ethnographical area. Situated in the Apuseni Mountains,
Tara Motilor is a region with strong Romanian traditions.
Johann and MariaRegina Klein family, dating back to the mid 1200s.
The county has 4 municipalities, 7 towns and 65 communes. In parentheses,
Hungarian names are given, unless otherwise stated.
de Balta (Küküllovár)
de Jos (Alsókarácsonfalva)
de Jos (Alsógáld)
de Sus (Felsogirda)
Blasendorf (Ger. sp.)
de Secas (Székásveresegyháza)
de Jos (Alvinc; German: Alwitz, Alwintz)